With regards to a heart valve surgery the multiple valves in the heart do not function in a normal manner. When it is healthy the heart valve does open and close with each heartbeat which ensures proper direction in terms of flow of blood. But if the opening and closing does not take place in a proper manner it does go on to disrupt the flow of blood and chances of leaking could emerge as well. The type of valve disease would be dependent on the valve that is affected. If the situation is under control the doctor may adopt a wait and watch policy. But if the condition does appear to be severe then the doctor would go on for heart surgery. Always opt for the best hospital for heart valve treatment in India. The country is blessed to have some top notch hospitals where some quality surgeons are on board.
As far as this form of surgery is concerned, the surgeon would adopt a couple of approaches. First and foremost they might look at repairing the valve. It would mean that the valve could be tightening when you put a ring around it. At the same time you can go on to cut, shorten or separate so that it does function in a proper manner. Another option that the surgeon could adopt would be to replace the valve with a prosthetic. This could be a mechanical version and incorporated from artificial elements. The sad part with this surgery would be that you do require medicines for the rest of your life. In fact biological versions of the valves are also available. But a point to consider is that they tend to wear out at a quicker pace.
If you observe things at another level you can compare it to a bypass surgery. You expect the patient to be put under general anaesthesia and then you open the chest. As you will find that the heart is not in a position to breathe during the course of the surgery, it has been seen that you hook up the patient to a heart by lung machine so that the oxygen you are able to circulate all over the body. You go on to stop the valve so that the surgeon can fix or repair the valve. At the same time you could opt for a minimal invasive heart surgery as well. Here smaller incisions are made which makes the pain less painful and the recovery process does work out to be much faster.
As far as this surgery is concerned it has been proven to be fairly successful and it has gone on to serve the patient for 10 years on an average. As per medical experts the chances of complications or blood clots emerging are on the lesser side as well. Though risks in the form of stoke or heart attack cannot be ruled out as well. You need to be cautious in relation to this type of surgery.